TARQUINIA and TUSCIA

Tarquinia: Etruscan town between Roma and Toscana Region

TARQUINIA

Tarquinia, cradle of the Etruscan civilization, is situated in a wonderful position near the Tyrrhenian Sea; it preserves some of an unbroken history from the Etruscan legend of Tagete to present days.
Famous and powerful, Etruscan Tarquinia stood on the Civita hill.
From here the birthplace of three of the seven kings of Rome: Tarquinio Prisco, Numa Pompilius and Tarquinius Superbus. After its destruction, it has developed the modern town on the opposite hill .
Here the medieval Tarquinia knew new glory imprinted in majestic towers, in the sober and elegant Romanesque churches, in the sturdy walls .

Art

The Museum is located in Palazzo Vitelleschi (first half of the XV sec.), mainly known for its collection of jewelry and sculpture of the winged horses (IV-III century BC).
The Etruscan Necropolis, which was declared UNESCO World Heritage Site for the colors of the frescoes, stretches for approximately three kilometers to the borders of the town; it preserves many tombs with decorations that constitute the most complete records about the painting development from VI the second century. B.C.
The medieval town, surrounded by walls with high towers, boasts important monuments and many beautiful churches:
Santa Maria in Castello, with a bell tower and cosmateschi mosaics, wonderful Romanesque building located in a dominant position outside the city walls.
Among other Romanesque churches: Madonna St. Maria di Valverde, St. Martin, St. John the Baptist, St. Francis. All without baroque influences, yet sober and austere.
Romanesque Town Council Building with large external staircase in the square in front of an elegant fountain dating back to 1721.
The ruins of Gravisca, Clementino port, village of Saline, with the nearby “natural oasis”, embellish the Lido of Tarquinia, which is now among the most famous tourist and beach resorts of the Tyrrhenian Sea.
Marina Velka, a part of Tarquinia coast, is a vast residential area, known for its golf court, engaged in an unspoiled and still natural coastline.

ROUTES IN TUSCIA

Tuscia is a land with history, landscape, and excellent agriculture products.
Several destinations  can be easily reached from Tarquinia with  very efficient rail and road networks.

Landscape and Country

Important agricultural production with more than 1,000 companies certified BIO: vegetables, fruits, cereals, honey, wine:  to be tasted at our restaurant or buy for friends.

In the Lazio region: golden fields, olive groves and vineyards to the foot of Vulsini and Cimini hills with Bolsena and Vico lakes. The Valley of the Calanchi offers a wonderful view over the landscape (Civita di Bagnoregio).

Archeology

First of all: Tarquinia the Etruscan necropolis is a World Heritage Site for its wall paintings (VI-III century BC.), Showing scenes of the deceased’s life: hunting, banquets, dance, games, animals and representations of the afterlife with Demons winged figures that anticipate the mythological pantheon of ancient Rome. The beautiful National Etruscan Museum, within Vitelleschi palace, keeps intact jewels, everyday objects, sarcophagi painted vases. In Tuscania you can see the sarcophagi of Curunas (IV-II cent. BC) and in Vulci the bronzes.

The necropolis of Blera, Barbarano Romano, Norchia and Castel d’Asso: the tuff graves are often surrounded by thick vegetation. Notable In Ferento (near Viterbo) the ruins of the Roman theater and Faleri Novi (Fabrica di Roma) the Cyclopean walls of the town destroyed and abducted during the Middle Ages.

The Historic Places

Rich and powerful Tarquinia offers the charm of its medieval old town, with buildings finished with architectural and uncontaminated views. Vitelleschi palace, the Palazzo dei Priori, the town council building and many other private residences from which it seems, at any moment appear Dante Alighieri, who described the Maremma with its Cecina and Corneto borders:  Corneto was  the name of the medieval Tarquinia.

In Viterbo: aristocratic palaces (of Priors, Popes, Farnese, Poscia, Gatti), the medieval quarter of San Pellegrino, several artistic fountains, churches  from various historical periods, a museum with numerous masterpieces (the “Pietà” Sebastiano del Piombo) and well preserved wall dating from the beginning of the Mille.

Remarkable historic towns of Tuscania (partially restored after the earthquake of 1971), Civita di Bagnoregio (connecting  with the “mainland” by a suspension bridge over the Calanchi Valley), Calcata, which has become the residence of artists from around the world.

Tuscia is full of palaces, monuments which can only confirm the past glories of the ancient Families.
Among the most important there are : Villa Lante in Bagnaia, Villa Farnese in Caprarola and the Monster Park at Bomarzo, three surprises from the late Renaissance with gardens, fountains, frescoes and sculptures.

 

Curiosity and events

The Tuscia is a land of ancient traditions: on Easter Sunday  the Procession of Christ, with the statue of Christ brought through the streets of Tarquinia. Ferragosto:   fireworks and the procession on the sea where the statue of Madonna glides on a boat.

At Viterbo, on  September 3rd , one hundred porters carrying on their shoulders through the streets of the city the “Machine of Santa Rosa”, a thirty meters tower,  over five tons weight, lit by a thousand little flames on which stands the statue of the saint. Even the Machine of Santa Rosa was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Viterbo is also known for its thermal waters spring called Bullicame.

SMART TUSCIA

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Photographer: Davide Rossi